When the Tatars grew too powerful after , the Jin switched their support from the Tatars to the Keraits. The few sources that provide insight into this period often conflict. The name also suggests that they may have been descended from a family of blacksmiths. After his death his third son Ogodei succeeded him. He had four queens, and Ogodei was born from his first wife. Reputation[ change change source ] As a ruler, Genghis lowered taxes and got rid of taxes for doctors, teachers and priests.
|Published (Last):||22 June 2012|
|PDF File Size:||6.34 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.61 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Apr 29, 10 Things You May Not Know About Genghis Khan Explore 10 facts about a great ruler who was equal parts military genius, political statesman and bloodthirsty terror. Author: Evan Andrews 1. He had a rough childhood. From an early age, Genghis was forced to contend with the brutality of life on the Mongolian Steppe. Rival Tatars poisoned his father when he was only nine, and his own tribe later expelled his family and left his mother to raise her seven children alone.
Genghis grew up hunting and foraging to survive, and as an adolescent he may have even murdered his own half-brother in a dispute over food. During his teenage years, rival clans abducted both he and his young wife, and Genghis spent time as a slave before making a daring escape. Despite all these hardships, by his early 20s he had established himself as a formidable warrior and leader. After amassing an army of supporters, he began forging alliances with the heads of important tribes.
By , he had successfully consolidated the steppe confederations under his banner and began to turn his attention to outside conquest. There is no definitive record of what he looked like. No contemporary portraits or sculptures of him have survived, and what little information historians do have is often contradictory or unreliable. Most accounts describe him as tall and strong with a flowing mane of hair and a long, bushy beard.
Perhaps the most surprising description comes courtesy of the 14th century Persian chronicler Rashid al-Din, who claimed Genghis had red hair and green eyes. Some of his most trusted generals were former enemies. The Great Khan had a keen eye for talent, and he usually promoted his officers on skill and experience rather than class, ancestry or even past allegiances.
One famous example of this belief in meritocracy came during a battle against the rival Taijut tribe, when Genghis was nearly killed after his horse was shot out from under him with an arrow. When he later addressed the Taijut prisoners and demanded to know who was responsible, one soldier bravely stood up and admitted to being the shooter.
He rarely left a score unsettled. One of his most famous campaigns of revenge came in , after the Shah of the Khwarezmid Empire broke a treaty with the Mongols.
Genghis had offered the Shah a valuable trade agreement to exchange goods along the Silk Road , but when his first emissaries were murdered, the enraged Khan responded by unleashing the full force of his Mongol hordes on the Khwarezmid territories in Persia.
He followed up on his victory by returning east and waging war on the Tanguts of Xi Xia, a group of Mongol subjects who had refused his order to provide troops for his invasion of Khwarizm. After routing the Tangut forces and sacking their capital, the Great Khan ordered the execution of the entire Tangut royal family as punishment for their defiance.
He was responsible for the deaths of as many as 40 million people. He was tolerant of different religions. Unlike many empire builders, Genghis Khan embraced the diversity of his newly conquered territories. He passed laws declaring religious freedom for all and even granted tax exemptions to places of worship. This tolerance had a political side—the Khan knew that happy subjects were less likely to rebel—but the Mongols also had an exceptionally liberal attitude towards religion.
While Genghis and many others subscribed to a shamanistic belief system that revered the spirits of the sky, winds and mountains, the Steppe peoples were a diverse bunch that included Nestorian Christians, Buddhists, Muslims and other animistic traditions. The Great Khan also had a personal interest in spirituality. He was known to pray in his tent for multiple days before important campaigns, and he often met with different religious leaders to discuss the details of their faiths.
In his old age, he even summoned the Taoist leader Qiu Chuji to his camp, and the pair supposedly had long conversations on immortality and philosophy. He created one of the first international postal systems. Along with the bow and the horse, the Mongols most potent weapon may have been their vast communication network.
By stopping to rest or take on a fresh mount every few miles, official riders could often travel as far as miles a day. The system allowed goods and information to travel with unprecedented speed, but it also acted as the eyes and ears of the Khan.
Thanks to the Yam, he could easily keep abreast of military and political developments and maintain contact with his extensive network of spies and scouts. The Yam also helped protect foreign dignitaries and merchants during their travels. No one knows how he died or where he is buried. The traditional narrative says he died in from injuries sustained in a fall from a horse, but other sources list everything from malaria to an arrow wound in the knee.
One of the more questionable accounts even claims he was murdered while trying to force himself on a Chinese princess. However he died, the Khan took great pains to keep his final resting place a secret. According to legend, his funeral procession slaughtered everyone they came in contact with during their journey and then repeatedly rode horses over his grave to help conceal it.
The tomb is most likely on or around a Mongolian mountain called Burkhan Khaldun, but to this day its precise location is unknown. The Soviets tried to snuff out his memory in Mongolia. Genghis Khan is now seen as a national hero and founding father of Mongolia, but during the era of Soviet rule in the 20th century, the mere mention of his name was banned.
Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you.
10 Things You May Not Know About Genghis Khan
After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered huge chunks of central Asia and China. His descendants expanded the empire even further, advancing to such far-off places as Poland, Vietnam, Syria and Korea. At their peak, the Mongols controlled between 11 and 12 million contiguous square miles, an area about the size of Africa. Genghis Khan died in during a military campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia.
He has appeared in the Court of Appeal three times unled. Changez is approachable and believes in a team approach. He accepts instructions for both claimant and defendant work inside and outside of London. He has a masters degree in French law and happy to accept instructions in French. Recent successes include winning a day race discrimination trial against the parent company of Cartier, a case which involved allegations of subconscious bias and spying by an employer reported in The Times. For 10 years, he has acted for employers and employees alike. This balance has helped him develop well-rounded judgement and an understanding of tactics on both sides.
Original: Apr 27, Mongolian warrior and ruler Genghis Khan created the largest empire in the world, the Mongol Empire, by destroying individual tribes in Northeast Asia. Synopsis Genghis Khan was born "Temujin" in Mongolia around He married at age 16, but had many wives during his lifetime. At 20, he began building a large army with the intent to destroy individual tribes in Northeast Asia and unite them under his rule. He was successful; the Mongol Empire was the largest empire in the world before the British Empire, and lasted well after his own death in Early Life Born in north central Mongolia around , Genghis Khan was originally named "Temujin" after a Tatar chieftain that his father, Yesukhei, had captured. Young Temujin was a member of the Borjigin tribe and a descendant of Khabul Khan, who briefly united Mongols against the Jin Chin Dynasty of northern China in the early s.
When the Tatars grew too powerful after , the Jin switched their support from the Tatars to the Keraites. The few sources that give insight into this period often contradict. While heading home, his father ran into the neighboring Tatars , who had long been Mongol enemies, and they offered him food that poisoned him. But the tribe refused this and abandoned the family, leaving it without protection. With the help of a sympathetic guard, he escaped from the ger yurt at night by hiding in a river crevice. At this time, none of the tribal confederations of Mongolia were united politically, and arranged marriages were often used to solidify temporary alliances. Wives, concubines, and children[ edit ] As was common for powerful Mongol men, Genghis Khan had many wives and concubines.