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Also the inhabitants of Africa, Andalus Spain and all the countries beyond the western sea Americas were from the Ahlul Hadeeth. My question what in intended by ahl alHadith, definitely not as the salafi claims. The Emperor Shah Jahan had become ill and abdicated the throne in favour of his eldest son Dara Shikoh.
Shah Jahan spent his reign engulfed in the midst of his riches where he would entertain himself with music, dance and narcotics. Too often we remember his achievement of creating the Taj Mahal but history forgets the oppression of the poor builders and labourers who paid the real price for the build. Of the four brothers, Aurangzeb had the most military experience and competence in governance. Dara and Aurangzeb stood as a stark contrast to each other.
Dara, like his father, enjoyed parties, dance, lavish spending and had little consideration of the poor. Aurangzeb on the other hand was a devout worshipper who took his governance seriously, often spending time with his soldiers or listening to the complaints of the poor.
It is no wonder that in a matter of months he had completely assumed power over greater India. His Reign It became well known that Aurangzeb prayed regularly and even woke to pray voluntary prayers at night Tahajjud. He not only read the Quran daily but also wrote copies of the Quran which were sold at market along with caps he had sewn, all so that he did not take personal money from the treasury.
He redirected all the wealth, which had been spent for personal use and frivolity by his predecessors, on military expeditions, crushing all rebellions and making the Mughal Empire the largest it had ever been. He banned music and singing, despite being accomplished in both. He banned alcohol, gambling, dancing, castration, drugs, unjust taxes, and bowing to the King. All which were the legacy of the Mughal Empire under his predecessors.
Noticeably Aurangzeb had taken to heart lessons he had learnt from his teacher Muhammad Salafi. He had learnt Hanafi Fiqh Law so actively took part in court compared to his predecessors but relied on the scholars to issue final verdicts.
He prevented Sufism to such an extent that prominent Sufi Bulleh Shah one day danced and played music in the streets of Lahore in protest of their practices being shut down. His legacy was a military one as well as a religious one. Sufi Islam rarely recognises a military aspect to Islam whereas it was said that once Aurangzeb left his throne for the battlefield, he never returned to his throne except to die. Tombs and processions were the hallmark of a Sufi funeral so he drew a will forbidding that his grave be simple without a tomb built around it and that no lavish procession take place with his body.
His desire to return Islam to its original pure state was undeniable. Was he really a Salafi? His attempt to rule in the guidance of the early generations along with his attempts to eradicate polytheism and bidah shows adherence to the grain of Salafiyyah. Furthermore his reign of banning music, dance and Sufi practices indicates a clear Salafi rulership compared to the Sufi rulership of his forefathers, especially Akbar.
But by looking at the past through a modern lens we fail to grasp context. Take Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab, for example, there is no doubt he is Salafi for he fought against polytheism shirk and bidah. However he was Hanbali when it came to Fiqh. Clearly when it comes to ruling by a school of thought, it does not necessarily mean complete blind following of it.
A consideration to make is that the Hanafi school of thought was the only one widely available throughout India. It was only after Shah WaliUllah travelled to Hajj that any alternative began becoming more widely available in the Indian subcontinent. It is also historically documented that the Hanafi judges, the state, leadership and scholars kept a great deal of pressure on the ruler they served to maintain the Hanafi status quo Imaam al-Fullanee in al-Eqaadh p.
He chose people solely from his own Hanafi madhhab school of thought to be the judges throughout the main parts of the Muslim lands. This suppressed all the other madhhahib and became a theme for every new Chief Judge appointing people under themselves.
The word Sufi is often used in India to mean any pious person. One thing we can say for sure looking at his legacy is he was definitely not a Sufi. Was this the first time Salafis were in India? This all before the great Imams had even began working on their madhahib and the majority of the Muslims were Ahlul Hadeeth.
This shows Islam was all years before Muhammad bin Qasim the conqueror of India was even born! Islam had already reached the parameters it is at today. In the mean time the Muslim world had been ruled by something other than their schools of thought for a long time; The madhhab of Ahlul Hadeeth.
He ruled over modern day Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. Although not asserting his beliefs at the beginning of his reign, towards the end he followed orthodox Islam. The traveller, Ibn Batutta, describes Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq as meticulous in his prayers and who stuck strictly to the commands of the Quran and Hadith, punishing those who innovated anything new bidah.
Alam al Din grandson of the well known Sufi Baha al-Din Zakariyya of Multan again centuries before Aurangzeb ascribed to Salafi beliefs and after Aurangzeb, Shah WaliUllah did the most work to tackle bidah and misguidance and to promote the way of the Salaf. Ironically he himself was Ahlul Hadeeth and opposed to Sufism. These examples show that Salafi beliefs were nothing new to India showing that Aurangzeb too was a Salafi. His track record clearly shows someone who promoted the way and the following of the Salaf.
He stood against shirk and bidah in every way including on the battlefield. What could be closer to being Salafi than these characteristics? This in no way is to say if he was not Salafi then he was not righteous. Nor is it to say anyone else who is not Salafi has not served Islam and Muslims.
Alamghir was not following Hanafi madhab
Kazradal Breathing practices and the search for the sun and moon in the body recall Sanielou and Pingala, the lunar and solar paths of breath in Yoga. Here, I found a conception of alaih world, of danielu divine, of happiness, that is very similar to ancient Shivaism and still survives, without anyone being really aware of it, in the mysteries of Christianity. But I am neither a master nor a prophet. Robert Bast added it Jan 10, This word which, according to some, comes from the Italian snobile without nobilitycharacterizes a caste whose interest in intellectual matters is nothing more than a desire for social advancement, power, or profit. Buddhist Forum Volume V. The trailer also made it possible for us to travel in comfort to the abandoned temples of the Rajputana Desert — Gos, Janjgir, Rampur, Kekind, Kiradu. Our first discovery was Khajurah, whose temples were practically abandoned at the time.
Ghunyat-ut-Talibeen (Urdu) Original n
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