Having obtained these boons, understand them! Truly, this is that Atman. It exists and active when man is in awake-state, it exists and active when man is in dream-state. To know Atman, look inward and introspect; to know objects, look outward and examine, states Katha Upanishad. Everything that changes is not Atman, that which was, is, will be and never changes is Atman.
|Published (Last):||9 November 2012|
|PDF File Size:||9.59 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.4 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Having obtained these boons, understand them! Truly, this is that Atman. It exists and active when man is in awake-state, it exists and active when man is in dream-state.
To know Atman, look inward and introspect; to know objects, look outward and examine, states Katha Upanishad. Everything that changes is not Atman, that which was, is, will be and never changes is Atman. Anyone who runs after sensory-impressions, gets lost among them just like water flows randomly after rainfall on mountains, state verses 2.
This position contrasts with one of the fundamental premises of the dualistic schools of Hinduism. The individual, asserts Katha Upanishad, who understands and reveres this town of eternal, non-changing spirit, is never crooked-minded, is always free. This Soul is worshipped by all the gods.
It is one with Brahman. It is everywhere, within and without, it is immortal. This universal, oneness theme is explained by the Katha Upanishad by three similes , which Paul Deussen calls as excellent. Meaning is Atman, full of perennial peace.
It is he who realizes this who shines, his splendour shines everything with and by Anu , the whole world shines by such joy unleashed, such splendour manifested.
The first five verses of the last section of the Upanishad assert that those who do not know or do not understand Atman return to the world of creation, and those who do are free, liberated. That is what one calls Yoga, the stillness of the senses, concentration of the mind, It is not thoughtless heedless sluggishness, Yoga is creation and dissolution.
The state of perfection, according to the last section of the Upanishad, explains Paul Deussen, consists "not in the attainment of a future or yonder world, but it is already just now and here for one who is Self-realized, who knows his Self Soul as Brahman Cosmic Soul ". Scholars suggest   that these remaining verses 2. Reception[ edit ] Charles Johnston has called Katha Upanishad as one of the highest spiritual texts, with layers of metaphors embedded therein.
For example, Elizabeth Schiltz  has compared "the parable of the chariot" in Katha Upanishad and Platonic dialogue "Phaedrus", noting the "remarkable similarities give rise to a great many tantalizing historical and literary questions", and adding the comment, "each provides an image of the self as the chariot, they each offer a complex moral psychology, and point toward an effective justification of the best life".
The epigraph reads, "The sharp edge of a razor is difficult to pass over; thus the wise say the path to Salvation is hard.
KAULA UPANISHAD PDF
As the substrate of all manifestation is Akulasuch is also the basis of any Kula. The proper Svddhydyaftardyaua student of Vedas not merely understands the text but practises it in such a way that he becomes an embodiment of Veda which thus rules him in all his actions leading him ultimately to Liberation which is the final goal of all who belong to the Brahmanik Faith. The kaul is considered to form a single Self atman with his disciples. The guru is considered to form a single Self atman with his disciples. I have been very pleased with all the items. Socially the Kaula may uppanishad viewed as an alternative society, complete in itself, which supports the kauula of the devotee from interior mental and egotistic limitations and from exterior social and cultural preconceptions.