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Shelves: dilectio-sapientiae Weary of analyzing the complexities of a crisis of overproduction 13 , one of the standard exercises of restrictive economy, Batailles libertine interest alights on so-called general economy, tracing the exhausting detours of exuberance through eating, death, and sexual reproduction id.
This sounds promising: The living organism, in a situation determined by the play of energy on the surface of the globe, ordinarily receives more energy than is necessary for maintaining life; the excess energy wealth can be used for growth of a system e.
As it turns out, war is only the most obvious form of the necessary waste of surplus, and the remainder of the book details different solutions to the problem of excess.
That is, if a part of wealth subject to a rough estimate is doomed to destruction or at least to unproductive use without any possible profit, it is logical, even inescapable, to surrender commodities without return. Henceforth, leaving aside pure and simple dissipation, analogous to the construction of the Pyramids, the possibility of pursuing growth is itself subordinated to giving: The industrial development of the entire world demands of Americans that they lucidly grasp the necessity, for an economy such as theirs, of having a margin of profitless operations.
The argument proceeds through chapters that analyze paired mechanisms of handling a general surplus. The first pair is Native American sacrifice versus potlatch. Horkheimer in Eclipse of Reason. And he can only be withdrawn from it in order to be consumed profitlessly, and therefore utterly destroyed. Why would it have thought in the beginning a mode of acquisition such as exchange had not answered the need to lose or squander? The next pair is Islam versus Buddhism.
Of that amount, the budget of the army was , That of the administration was , Of the remainder, an appreciable share was set aside by the Dalai Lama for the religious expenditures of the government. But in addition to these government expenditures, […] the revenues spent yearly by the clergy income from property holdings of the monasteries, gifts, and payments for religious services was well over 1,, Thus in theory the total budget of the Church would have been twice as large as that of the state, eight times that of the army.
The third set of opposed pairs is Calvinism versus Marxism. The final opposition is Stalinism versus the Marshall Plan. And yet the wheel is come full circle, insofar as capitalists are bound together to sacrifice against their own apocalypse.
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