Akademische Druck- u. Its miniatures, all feather drawings outlined by a sure hand and with a great feel for the use of space, are sparsely coloured in red and blue and make the reader familiar with the very foundations of Christian belief. This codex is not only the oldest illustrated manuscript of the Speculum Humanae Salvationis but also its first bilingual edition, containing the original Latin text and a somewhat abridged German version. The Speculum Humanae Salvationis is a mirror of human redemption by Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, a picture Bible containing systematically compiled accounts from both the Old and the New Testaments, thus forming an extensive synthesis of the Christian history of salvation.
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Bruges: MS Hunter 60 T. A popular theological work, it survives in some manuscripts, many of which are illustrated. Our copy was produced in Bruges in The frontispiece displayed here represents the author of this translation presenting it to his patron, possibly Philip the Good, the Duke of Burgundy, who is seated on a white marble throne.
A subtle blend of naturalism and symbolism, the patron and the translator are fashionably dressed and placed in an elaborate architectural setting. This thoroughly professional painting has been attributed to one of the leading miniaturists of the day, William Vrelant, who had moved to Bruges from Utrecht in following restrictions imposed in Bruges on the importation of Dutch miniatures. However, further stylistic analysis is necessary before all the works supposedly from his hand can be seen as authentic.
The panels have been attributed to the work of the assistants of the master who painted the frontispiece. However, it is argued that their close similarity in the handling of specific features - such as architectural detail, landscape and sky - suggests that they are the painstaking work of the same artist, who was able to expand in the frontispiece the skills cramped by the small scenes in the rest of the book. The extensive use of the technique in this manuscript is certain to have been influenced by this renewed interest.
These connections are depicted in the panels, each containing a coloured scene from the New Testament and three scenes in grisaille showing prefigurations of it from the Old Testament. Originally written in Latin some time between and , the work was immensely popular in the later Middle Ages and was quickly translated into German, French, English, Dutch and Czech.
As well as over three hundred manuscript copies surviving, there were also many fifteenth century blockbook editions and sixteen incunabula of the text produced. Four French translations from the Latin are known to have been made in the fifteenth century, including this version from Folio 51v detail of first panel Folio 51v Assumption of B. It is one of over four hundred Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts collected by Hunter and bequeathed to Glasgow University, along with the rest of his library, in With Preface and Glossary London, Roxburghe ; The mirour of mans saluacioune : a Middle English translation of Speculum humanae salvationis : a critical edition of the fifteenth-century manuscript illustrated from Der Spiegel der menschen Behaltnis, Speyer, Drach, c.
Speculum Humanae Salvationis of Kremsmünster
At the top of each page there are two illustrations; four can be seen when the book lies open. One of the pictures represents an event from the New Testament, while the other three depict Old Testament stories. This late medieval work has come down to us in various languages and formats: in manuscript, as a block book and in letterpress printed editions. Until the late 19th century it was thought that block printing — the technique of printing texts from wooden blocks into which the letters are carved — was a precursor of the art of printing, i. Baron van Westreenen thought that Laurens Jansz. Coster, the alleged inventor of the art of printing in Haarlem, had first practised block printing and had subsequently started to print with type consisting of movable wooden printing types.
UNIVERSITY of GLASGOW
Contents[ edit ] After a short Prologue two pages and Prohemium four , both unillustrated, the first two chapters deal with the Creation, the Fall of Satan , the story of Adam and Eve and the Deluge in four pages. Then follow forty more double-page chapters where a New Testament event is compared with three from the Old Testament , with four pictures each above a column of text. Usually each chapter occupies one two page opening. In all a complete standard version has fifty-two leaves, or pages, and illustrations including a blank page at the beginning and end. The blockbook editions were much shorter, with pictures, two to a woodblock.
Speculum humanae salvationis